The compressors are work machines and as such, require proper care and maintenance, to ensure their proper functioning and to extend their useful life.
Due to their characteristics, this type of machines require certain conditions that allow them to perform correctly, and therefore help their care and preservation. So how do you maintain a compressor?
- 1 Aspects of compressor care
- 2 Compressor maintenance
- 3 ADDITIONAL READING
- 4 10 ways to extend the life of your air compressor
- 5 The best mini air compressors
Aspects of compressor care
A compressor in general terms is an air respirator, so it requires working in a large environment and surrounded by fresh and clean air. This machine must be located in an area where there is enough space around it, so that it can carry out its routine work without any inconvenience.
The space around the compressor is required for proper recirculation of the air, which prevents overheating of the motor, as well as other sensitive electrical components. The intake air also requires the space for its correct recirculation.
Intake air filter
A key point in compressor care is the cleanliness of the air you breathe. This air that absorbs the machine reaches the internal components, so if the air is contaminated with dirt, abrasions or moisture, the useful life of these components will decline considerably.
The intake air filter should always be kept in a neat and easily accessible place for constant review and service.
The compressor oil
This machine uses oil to seal and keep its mechanisms lubricated. Due to the use of oil, the compressor requires a lubricant of excellent quality and in the correct amount. Care must be taken to use the oil whose specifications comply with what is indicated by the compressor manufacturer. To verify this, you can consult the user manual.
On the other hand, you should keep a record of the amount of oil consumed by the machine, to know with certainty when it should be changed. A standard recommendation indicates that it is good practice to change the oil every 1,000 working hours of the machine.
The water in the compressor
In environments with high levels of humidity, water will enter more of the mechanism of the machine. To avoid the excessive and harmful accumulation of water, it is very important to have an adequate drainage system or device.
Keep in mind that water is always present in the air, and the condenser during its operation will absorb this water.
Likewise, the compressor is a machine that consumes energy so it requires being connected to a correct source of electrical energy. It also generates heat during its operation, so it requires an adequate supply of cooler. During the execution of the work, the compressor vibrates and that is why it needs adequate foundations and pipes.
Regardless of its model or design, the compressors must receive periodic maintenance, according to the number of work hours executed by the equipment. It is recommended for this, keep a record of the working time of the machine.
Before starting the maintenance work, it is imperative that the compressor is turned off using the “ON / OFF” switch. Then you must disconnect the appliance from the electrical source and leave it completely without pressure.
Cleaning the compressor
Keeping the external components and especially the internal ones, free of dirt and dust, is one of the most important actions of the compressor maintenance process. Cleaning should be carried out on a weekly basis since the accumulation of impurities is frequent due to the absorption of air by the compressor.
The excessive accumulation of these external materials, can damage the operation of the equipment, be generating obstruction of the same and can even hide minor leaks of oils. During the cleaning process, dirt should also be removed from the coals and fins of the coil.
Another piece that must be thoroughly cleaned is the suction filter. This filter should be cleaned with a blowgun, after 50 hours of use. When finishing painting and sanding work, the review and cleaning of this filter is vital.
The compressors working driven belts should be inspected to verify voltage drive belt. Belt tension varies between compressors, but the proper voltage value must be maintained, according to the manufacturer’s specifications.
A loose or loose drive belt will start to slip and lose its efficiency. In the event that the belt is too tight or tight, it will considerably reduce its lifetime, as well as the life of the bearings associated with the compressor.
Over time, the compressor screws become loose and even fall out. That is why they should be checked and adjusted if necessary, each and every one of the screws that keep the compressor armed.
This brief review can avoid major problems and the total loss of the equipment.
Another aspect to review is the electrical connections of the compressor. Take the time necessary to verify each and every one of the connections, and ensure that all are properly adjusted, is a highly recommended practice.
An improperly adjusted electrical connection can permanently damage the electric motor.
The check valve must be cleaned once a year, or if required, it must be replaced. The state of the valve’s rubber disc must be taken into account, if it is worn out, then it is time to change that part. If it is not possible to clean the rubber disc seat, the complete check valve must be replaced.
All these actions of care and maintenance of the compressor, not only lengthen its useful life, also ensure its operation and the performance of a good job. Of course, they also have a positive influence on the user’s economy, by preventing medium or major equipment damage.
All these are good reasons to carry out the care and maintenance of these useful machines properly and thoroughly.